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Home > Tibet
Tibet – The Roof of the World

Capital city : Lhasa
Total Population : 2,700,000
Language spoken : Mandarin, Tibetan and Cantonese
Currency : Renminbis (RMB)
Time zone : (GMT+08:00)
Electricity : European - 2 Circular Pin, American – 2 flat Parallel Blades, Chinese – 3 blades in triangular formation (220 Volts)
Dialing code : +86 Tibet is a plateau region in Asia, north-east of the Himalayas, in the People's Republic of China. The mountainous, snow covered land of Tibet, known as the Roof of the World, for being at the highest level from the sea has appealed both the travellers and adventurers equally. The ancient Tibetan cities of Lhasa, Gyantse, Shigatse with its dzongs (citadels), palaces and monasteries are worth exploring. The influence of Tibetan Buddhism can be seen everywhere, from old citizens spinning prayer wheels to 1,300 year-old Lhasa and its otherworldly Potala Palace, home to Dalai Lamas past.

Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) is bounded by India, Myanmar, Bhutan, Sikkim, and Nepal. At an average height of 4,000 m from sea level, Tibet encloses some of the world's highest mountains. The Tibetan plateau is bounded by two mighty ranges, where Himalayan range consists of the world highest peak Mt. Everest situates from south to west and Thanggula ranges in the north. Tibet also has the world’s highest railway service. A train journey aboard the world's highest railway can be an experience for a lifetime.

Tibet with four mountains exceeding altitudes of 8,000 meters and thirty eight mountains exceeding altitudes of 7,000 meters is the ultimate destination for the mountaineers and adventurers. This massive land is also the source of great rivers like the Yangtze, Yellow River, Nu River (Salween), Lancang River (Mekong), Yarlong Tsangpo (Brahmaputra), Indus and Ganges.

From the past few years despite of being modernization done, Tibet has retained the beauties of its past, such as the friendly, ever-smiling and fun-loving Tibetans, ancient markets of Tibet, amazing turquoise lakes, fascinating Gompas which reward every foreign tourist with an indelible life long memory.

People, Lifestyle and Culture of Tibet

The main religion of Tibet has been Buddhism since its outspread in the 8th century AD. Before the arrival of Buddhism the main religion here was an indigenous Shamanist religion, Bon which now comprises a sizeable minority and which would later influence the formation of Tibetan Buddhism. The influence of Tibetan Buddhism can be seen everywhere, from old citizens spinning prayer wheels to 1,300 year-old Lhasa and its otherworldly Potala Palace, home to Dalai Lamas past.

From the past most of the people wear their hair long but in recent times due to influence of Chinese in their life, some men do crop their hair short, women plait their hair into two queues and the girls plait their hair into a single queue. Due to the very cold and chilling weather of Tibet, men and women use to wear long thick dresses known as Chuba in local language. However the style of the clothing varies from region to region.

Tibetans don’t lack in either festivities or fun but in literacy, that’s decreasing. The literacy rate of Tibet is 38% but that never deviates one from the charm charming beauty of Tibet. The country is rich in culture. Tibetan festivals such as Linka, Shoton, Losar and the bathing festival of Tibet are deeply rooted in indigenous religion and also highly influenced by the foreign tourist. In Tibet, each person will take part three times in the bathing festival which is at the time of birth, marriage and death. It is traditionally believed that people should not bathe casually, but only on the most important occasions.

Best time to visit Tibet

Tibet is a very harsh place according to climatic conditions. The summers are the best time to visit, since the temperatures remain around 30°C (maximum), while winters see extremely cold weathers, even minus 16°C (minimum). If you plan to visit Mt. Kailash, Mt. Amyne Machen, Kawa Karpo, or Namtso Lake, definitely go in the summer, when the passes are not blocked by snow.

The best time to visit the northern Tibet is from the month of May to June as it remains bright, shiny and festive. Wonderful Yamadroke Lake in Eastern Tibet can be best-explored in the month of May, June and September. Best time to explore the natural beauty of Southern Tibet is from June to September.

Transportation in Tibet


Getting there

Lhasa (capital) airport is connected with the Chengdu, the capital of the Sichuan province. Flights to Lhasa from Chengdu depart twice(sometimes thrice a week). Other cities which are directly linked with Lhasa through air route are Chongqing, Xian, and Kathmandu (Nepal).

Getting Around

In the near past Chinese government has developed some good roads. Chengdu-Lhasa and Xining-Golmud-Lhasa are the main highways. But still the condition of some roads is so bad that tourists are advised to take Land Cruisers.